Courtship and territorial behaviors of three hummingbird species in Arizona
Many birds exhibit conspicuous courtship and territorial behaviors. These behaviors are often used to secure mates. Courtship territories can function in several ways, including as a defended resource or a lek. Some hummingbird species in Arizona aggressively defend territories during their breeding seasons. I observed hummingbird territories and associated territorial behaviors in three species across the state. In this article, I provide descriptions of hummingbird territories and territorial behaviors and hypothesize about the intended functions of these territories.