Courtship and Territorial Behaviors of Three Hummingbird Species in Arizona

Articles | By Richard K. Simpson | Accepted April 01, 2017

Many birds exhibit conspicuous courtship and territorial behaviors. These behaviors are often used to secure mates. Courtship territories can function in several ways, including as a defended resource or a lek. Some hummingbird species in Arizona aggressively defend territories during their breeding seasons. I observed hummingbird territories and associated territorial behaviors in three species across the state. In this article, I provide descriptions of hummingbird territories and territorial behaviors and hypothesize about the intended functions of these territories.